Books  |    |  May 15, 2005

Autonomous Robots: From Biological Inspiration to Implementation and Control

By George A. Bekey.
Published by MIT Press.
594 pages.

Autonomous robots are intelligent machines capable of performing tasks in the world by themselves, without explicit human control. Examples range from autonomous helicopters to Roomba, the robot vacuum cleaner. In this book, George Bekey offers an introduction to the science and practice of autonomous robots that can be used both in the classroom and as a reference for industry professionals. He surveys the hardware implementations of more than 300 current systems, reviews some of their application areas, and examines the underlying technology, including control, architectures, learning, manipulation, grasping, navigation, and mapping. Living systems can be considered the prototypes of autonomous systems, and Bekey explores the biological inspiration that forms the basis of many recent developments in robotics. He also discusses robot control issues and the design of control architectures.

After an overview of the field that introduces some of its fundamental concepts, the book presents background material on hardware, control (from both biological and engineering perspectives), software architecture, and robot intelligence. It then examines a broad range of implementations and applications, including locomotion (wheeled, legged, flying, swimming, and crawling robots), manipulation (both arms and hands), localization, navigation, and mapping. The many case studies and specific applications include robots built for research, industry, and the military, among them underwater robotic vehicles, walking machines with four, six, and eight legs, and the famous humanoid robots Cog, Kismet, ASIMO, and QRIO. The book concludes with reflections on the future of robotics—the potential benefits as well as the possible dangers that may arise from large numbers of increasingly intelligent and autonomous robots.

Table of Contents

  1. Autonomy and Control in Animals and Robots
  2. Control and Regulation in Biological Systems
  3. Fundamental Structural Elements
  4. Low-Level Robot Control
  5. Software Architectures for Autonomous Robots
  6. Robot Learning
  7. Robot Locomotion: An Overview
  8. Biped Locomotion
  9. Locomotion in Animals and Robots with Four, Six, and Eight Legs
  10. Arm Motion and Manipulation
  11. Control of Grasping in Human and Robot Hands
  12. Control of Multiple Robots
  13. Humanoid Robots
  14. The Future of Autonomous Robots

About the Author
George A. Bekey is Professor Emeritus in Computer Science at University of Southern California and Distinguished Professor of Engineering at California Polytechnic State University.