Books  |    |  February 5, 2016

Programming Machine Ethics

by Luís Moniz Pereira and Ari Saptawijaya.
Published by Springer.
175 pages.

This book addresses the fundamentals of machine ethics. It discusses abilities required for ethical machine reasoning and the programming features that enable them. It connects ethics, psychological ethical processes, and machine implemented procedures. From a technical point of view, the book uses logic programming and evolutionary game theory to model and link the individual and collective moral realms. It also reports on the results of experiments performed using several model implementations.

Opening specific and promising inroads into the terra incognita of machine ethics, the authors define here new tools and describe a variety of program-tested moral applications and implemented systems. In addition, they provide alternative readings paths, allowing readers to best focus on their specific interests and to explore the concepts at different levels of detail.

Mainly written for researchers in cognitive science, artificial intelligence, robotics, philosophy of technology and engineering of ethics, the book will also be of general interest to other academics, undergraduates in search of research topics, science journalists as well as science and society forums, legislators and military organizations concerned with machine ethics.

Series: Studies in Applied Philosophy, Epistemology and Rational Ethics

Table of Contents

  1. Turing, Functionalism, and Emergence
  2. The Individual Realm of Machine Ethics: A Survey
  3. Significant Moral Facets Amenable to Logic Programming
  4. Representing Morality in Logic Programming
  5. Tabling in Abduction and Updating
  6. Counterfactuals in Logic Programming
  7. Logic Programming Systems Affording Morality Experiments
  8. Modeling Morality Using Logic Programming
  9. Modeling Collective Morality via Evolutionary Game Theory
  10. Bridging Two Realms of Machine Ethics
  11. Conclusions and Further Work

About the Authors

  • Luís Moniz Pereira is a Professor of Computer Science (retired) at Universidade Nova de Lisboa, and founder and director of CENTRIA (1993-2008), the Centre for Artificial Intelligence at the same University. He is the founding president of the Portuguese Artificial Intelligence Association (APPIA), and serves on the editorial boards of various scientific journals. His research, which he has presented in hundreds of publications, focuses on knowledge representation and reasoning, logic programming, and the cognitive sciences. Currently, he is affiliated with the NOVA Laboratory for Computer Science and Informatics (NOVA-LINCS).
  • Ari Saptawijaya is an assistant professor at the Faculty of Computer Science, Universitas Indonesia. His research interests include knowledge representation and reasoning, logic programming, and the cognitive sciences.